Asylum: Initial Reception in Germany
In Germany the application for asylum has to be submitted to the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees.
When an asylum-seeker intends to apply for asylum, he will be directed to the nearest reception facility of the particular German Federal State. The equal initial distribution of asylum-seekers to all Federal States is done on the basis of the responsibility for the countries of origin and a quota system, the so called Königsteiner Schlüssel. This quota system considers the tax revenue and the population of the Federal States and is annually calculated by the Bund-Länder-Kommission. This ensures a balanced distribution of the protection seekers to all German Federal States, taking the States` capacities into consideration.
After the responsible Federal State is identified, the protection seeker has to contact the responsible reception facility. The reception facility provides him/her with an accommodation, supplies him/her with food and informs the nearest branch office of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees.
Minors in need of protection, who come to Germany without a legally responsible adult, underlie the care of the local responsible youth welfare office. Additionally, the local court appoints a guardian. The guardian represents the unaccompanied minor in the following process of clarification, the so-called clearing procedure and discusses the minor’s situation extensively with the bodies involved. These are for example the Aliens Department and charities or churches. During the clearing procedure a decision is made, whether an application for asylum is filed.